Children can struggle when learning to read for many reasons. There may be an underlying disability like dyslexia, a hearing or vision impairment, or difficulty focusing. Other issues may arise from the lack of early reading experience. However, even children who don’t have a diagnosed disability and had many early reading experiences may still struggle to learn how to read. Helping your Struggling Beginning Reader through Explicit Instruction can aid in their development of phonemic awareness, phonics, spelling and vocabulary development, and comprehension. Here are resources to help guide home instruction on reading:
- Phonemic awareness activities can help children to associate sounds of the letters with the actual letters. Learning the sounds letters make along with blends is an important pre-reading skills typically taught in kindergarten and first grade.
- Building phonics skills is the next step where children can blend the phonemes together with spelling, essentially sounding out words. Here is a list of phonics skills by grade level that can help guide home activities.
- To practice spelling, start with a pre-test of the words to see which ones your child already knows, then move onto the words they don’t know. Focus on these words with a variety of activities throughout the week, and then the night before their test in school, do a post-test at home to see their progress. Resources like using com make learning spelling and vocabulary fun.
- Comprehension can be scaffold through pre-reading, questioning, summarizing, and post-reading. The tips can help you to scaffold as your child is reading.
What successful examples of explicit instruction have you used to help your children learn how to read?
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