Paths to Understanding | Activating Prior Knowledge

Paths to Understanding

To continue with our series on Activating Prior Knowledge, here are more strategies to practice with your child.

There are several paths to help your child activate their prior knowledge when reading a new book including text-to-text, text-to-self, and text-to-world connections.

Strategies on Activating Prior Knowledge and Paths to Understanding

Text-to-text means that they have experience reading a book similar to what they are reading now.  For example, a book by the same author, on a similar topic, or in the same genre or time period.

Text-to-self connections are made when your child has personal experiences and then make a connection to the book.  This may be an emotional feeling, an activity they have participated in, or a place they may have visited.  These previous experiences can help them to relate to the characters and events of a story, which in turn should increase their understanding.

Text-to-world connections are made when your child is able to make the link between events that have happened in the world to the story.  This may include news events like a presidential election, popular trends in society, or even sporting events.

This is why it is so important to provide a variety of experiences for your child at home.  When they are able to make the connections of events in their life, it promotes reading comprehension as well as strengthening other reading skills.

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